These are the first projects from this initiative that aims to fund research and innovation projects that lead to safe and cost effective technology for CO2 capture, transport and storage (CCS).
The projects have participants from Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
- CCS is emerging as one of the most promising and required technologies for mitigating global climate change. This initiative aims to put the technology into use in industry faster and on a larger scale than ever before, says ACT Coordinator Ragnhild Rønneberg from the Research Council of Norway.
- ACT has already during the 1st call led to enhanced international cooperation and sharing of knowledge between the scientific community, industry, NGOs and public funding agencies in a number of European countries. This is of great benefit to all partners involved in the projects and also for the respective funding agencies in the nine member countries of ACT, says Ragnhild.
- By joining forces and working in the same dedicated direction we achieve better results than the sum of those of individual partners and, we have high expectations of the results coming out during the next three years, Ragnhild concludes.
ACT – a multinational cooperation
Responding to a call from the European Commission in December 2014 under the Horizon 2020 Programme on Energy, nine European countries have joined forces and made funds available for research and innovation actions on Carbon Capture, Transport and Storage (CCS). The initiative is called ACT – Accelerating CCS Technologies.
The ambition of ACT is to facilitate the emergence of CCS via transnational funding through accelerating and maturing CCS technology via targeted innovation and research activities. In order to accelerate the CCS implementation in the energy sector and the high energy intensive industry sector (such as steel, paper mills, cement etc.) projects with industrial relevance and cooperation have been prioritised.
The following countries participate in ACT: Norway (coordinator), Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Funding of €27 million for the projects comes from each nation's existing research and innovation programmes and is topped-up by a financial contribution from the EC of more than € 11 million.
ACT has a broad scope, but underlines the importance of market- and industry-relevant projects. In addition to chain integration, capture, transport and storage, projects including utilisation of CO2 if utilization accelerates CCS towards the market, have also been included.
Background – climate and role of CCS
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies are thought to play a vital role in keeping global temperature increases below 2 degrees Celsius. Currently, however, there are too few operational CCS projects to determine whether carbon capture and storage and/or utilization can indeed take up that role. There is a need for more pilot scale projects and focus on full chain elements (incl. a number of technical issues, costs, business models, social and environmental aspects) to enable the successful implementation of CCS in Europe.
The European Commission (EC), the European parliament and several of the European countries by themselves, have invested great efforts in driving the debate around climate change goals for 2030. Currently we have a framework that provides a strong foundation for achieving these goals and developing a competitive low-carbon economy. It is recognized that CCS is a significant step in the right direction to achieving climate targets. A successful future for CCS is therefore quintessential not only in the energy, but also in the industry sector.
For further information please see the ACT web-site, www.act-ccs.eu .
The Research Council of Norway
phone: + 47 91 55 86 62
The projects selected for funding
Highly competitive, 8 high ranked projects were selected in April 2017 from 17 submissions. The contract phase has now been completed and several of the projects have kicked-off. The 8 projects span over a wide range of CCS relevant topics:
- ECO-BASE: addresses the utilization of CO2 by including prospective revenue streams and related business models to render CO2 capture-transport-storage economically feasible. The main goal of the project is to demonstrate the ability of CO2-EOR to economically enhance oil production and serve as a revenue stream for safe and reliable permanent CO2 storage.
Coordinator: International Research Institute of Stavanger, IRIS (Norway)
Partners from Greece, Romania, The Netherlands and Turkey
- Pre-ACT: addresses CO2 storage and aims to equip operators and regulators with decision support protocols with reservoir pressure as a key variable. This will enable them to establish a safe and efficient monitoring system and to assess quantitatively site conformance. These protocols can be adjusted to each project phase and provide a common basis for decision making during operation.
Coordinator: SINTEF Petroleum Research AS (Norway)
Partners from Germany, Norway, The Netherlands, United Kingdom and France
- DETECT: will generate guidelines and technologies for managing the risk of CO2 leakage along fractures across the primary cap-rock using an integrated monitoring and hydro-mechanical-chemical modelling approach. DETECT builds on experience gained from the risk-based Measurement, Monitoring and Verification (MMV) programme at the current Canadian Quest
and the former UK Peterhead CCS projects.
Coordinator: Shell Global Solutions International B.V. (The Netherlands)
Partners from The Netherlands, Germany and United Kingdom
- ELEGANCY: addresses a fast-track to the decarbonisation of Europe's energy system by exploiting the synergies between two essential low-carbon technologies: CCS and H2. ELEGANCY will demonstrate effective CCS technologies in industrial settings. ELEGANCY will identify and promote business opportunities for industrial CCS enabled with H2 as a key energy carrier by performing national case studies.
Coordinator: SINTEF Energy Research (Norway)
Partners from Norway, Belgium, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom
- ACORN: aims to design a full chain CCS system in NE Scotland at minimum capital cost of capture, transport and storage for operational readiness by the early 2020s. ACORN will seed a hub for an incremental development of a large-scale CCS network and regional decarbonisation programme.
Coordinator: Pale Blue Dot Energy Ltd (UK)
Partners from United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Norway
- ALIGN: is a joint industry-led research initiative to accelerate the demonstration and implementation of the next-phase of European CCUS projects. Key components of the CCUS will be tested in a range of pilot and test facilities underpinned by advanced modelling techniques and analysis. In addition to testing at existing pilot plants, a pilot installation for the conversion of CO2 to transport fuels (DME/Methanol) will be installed and tested. Communicating the technical and economic feasibility, including evidence-based environmental impact assessment to decision-makers and to the wider society, will be an important element of ALIGN.
Coordinator: TNO (NL)
Partners from The Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Romania and United Kingdom
- 3D-CAPS: address a novel sorbent based CO2 capture technology. The target is a productivity increase of one order of magnitude and hence a substantial process intensification for two sorbent-based technologies in CCS. The project will optimize sorbent shapes with Computational Fluid Dynamics and other modelling tools, and with direct realization in 3D-printed (additively manufactured) objects to be tested in process conditions.
Coordinator: ECN (The Netherlands)
Partners from The Netherlands, Norway, Romania and United Kingdom
- GaSTech: addresses novel CO2 capture technologies. GaSTech aims at demonstrating the autothermal pressurized operation of gas switching reforming (GSR), gas switching water splitting (GSWS) and gas switching oxygen production (GSOP) in an existing lab-scale reactor. Pressurized autothermal gas switching combustion (GSC) reactors will be demonstrated (10 kW).
Coordinator: SINTEF (Norway)
Partners from Norway, The Netherlands, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom