– What is so unique about the CLIMIT programme is that it covers the entire chain from research to demonstration, as can be seen in SOLVit and BIGCO2. Now we would like more significant industrial players to participate, especially in demonstration projects, says Vice-President of Technology Klaus Schöffel, who is also technically responsible for CLIMIT.
The CLIMIT programme is jointly run by the Research Council of Norway and Gassnova. Roughly speaking, the Research Council processes applications for research and development projects, whereas Gassnova deals with applications for pilot and demonstration facilities. The annual budget amounts to approximately NOK 180 million.
The new programme plan for 2010-2012 has broadened the range of activities and potential applicants. For the CLIMIT programme board, the commercialisation of research results is an important issue.
– When applying for financial support for demo projects, it is important that the project is integrated in the industrial partners' strategies. We thus emphasise the inclusion of a marketing plan when reviewing applications, says Mr. Schöffel.
CLIMIT wishes to support companies that are looking to reducing their emissions as well as companies that provide technology. Many of today's suppliers to the oil and gas industry are also potential suppliers of equipment and services for the construction of CCS facilities. The market will expand considerably when projects dealing with the capture of CO2 from industrial emissions also can participate in the programme.
New priority area
In its first years, CLIMIT gave priority to CO2 capture, transport and storage. The new programme plan also includes the CCS value chain. This implies that the programme will also incorporate projects designed to develop a comprehensive methodology for cost estimation along the entire value chain.
In the near future, CLIMIT will arrange a workshop on the CCS Value Chain, to which representatives from research and industry will be invited.
The CLIMIT programme was established in 2005 to support the development of CCS technology applied to gas-fired power generation. In 2008, the scope of this financial support scheme was broadened to include all fossil fuel-based power generation; and as of 2010, it also includes industrial point source emissions.
Norway's commitments in the field of CCS were originally based on the objective of supporting the development of technology to enable domestic gas power generation. In the years ahead, however, these activities will increasingly focus on international participation in the development of CCS technology, as part of a strategy for reducing global CO2 emissions from industry and power generation, while at the same time contributing to the global energy supply.
The CLIMIT programme plan for 2010-2012 focuses on those areas in which the Norwegian research and industrial community assumes that Norway can make the biggest impact. This applies especially to CO2 transport and storage, and flue gas treatment. Some areas are given priority within the CLIMIT programme:
- Extensive support to research and development shall contribute to the development of new concepts for CCS which can help to reduce costs.
- Building on the experience of Norway's professional engineering environment and potential suppliers to develop commercial activities related to storage in geological formations. This includes utilising the North Sea as a recipient of CO2 from the European mainland.
- Building on Norway's experience, infrastructure and commercial base with regard to flue gas treatment, and utilising synergies in treating flue gas from power plants and industry.
Public support for pilot and demonstration projects can thus help to speed up market access for new technology, the programme plan states:
– In a non-commercial market that needs to quickly obtain new technology, national authorities must take on more responsibility than usual for research and development. Scale-up and verification of technology in pilot and demonstration plants are normally steps in the industrial commercialisation of new technology that are managed by industry itself. However, in a non-commercial market there are no commercial operators to carry out such costly projects.
The revision of the CLIMIT programme plan was based on a process that included SWOT and foresight analyses in the programme's priority areas. The analyses were performed with participants from industry and research.
The program plan for 2010-2012 can be downloaded from the CLIMIT website:
- Providing long-term and broadly-based support to research and development within the scope of the programme's priority areas.
- Contributing to piloting and demonstration of known technology within the next 5 years. The first full-scale demonstration plants, which are to be built in 2015-20, are expected to be based on this technology.
- Stimulating the development of new, pioneering technology that can be supported at pilot and demonstration scale after 2015.
Contributing to the commercialisation of new, pioneering technology in the period after 2015-20.