One important objective of the CLIMIT programme is to educate PhD and PostDoc candidates so that they can come up with good solutions for how to capture, transport and store CO2.
The secretariat of the CLIMIT programme arranges a seminar each fall where the aim is to promote good ideas from the young scientists. This year we teamed up with the BIGCCS research centre to arrange a common seminar for PhD and PostDoc candidates. The seminar took place at Lerkendal Stadium in Trondheim 17 and 18 October 2013 and more than 50 young experts participated.
New ideas in capture, storage and environment
There is no doubt that there is a lot of excellent research going on, and the following examples could very well turn into next generation technologies:
- Membranes are one of several candidates for next generation CO2 capture technologies. Xinzhi Chen from NTNU and Anne Evans from the University of Oslo demonstrated their projects within membranes. They are addressing stability criteria and transport phenomena in membranes and they have achieved results that could pave way for more effective membranes.
- Pre combustion CO2 capture where hydrogen is combusted in gas turbines is considered as a promising future candidate for integrated power production and CO2 capture. Georg Baumgartner from the Technical University in Munich gave an interesting presentation of how hydrogen combustion can be modelled. Good models are a prerequisite for building good combustion systems.
- Once CO2 is captured it must be transported safely, which requires good knowledge of thermodynamics of CO2 mixtures. Robin Wegge from the Ruhr University in Bochum presented his experimental program that leads to a new database of thermodynamic properties.
- Environmental aspects relating to CCS is important, and Helle Augdal Botnen from the University of Bergen presented how CO2 can be detected in seawater. This can pave way for effective monitoring of transport and storage of CO2.
- Storing CO2 is challenging, but possible. Sissel Grude presented experience with CO2 storage at the Snøhvit field. Mansour Soroush from NTNU presented his work on detailed characterisation of mechanisms that traps CO2 and prevents it from leaking out. Elsa du Plessis from the University of Bergen followed up with a presentation of how injected CO2 will migrate inside a CO2 storage reservoir. This requires good simulators, and Odd Andersen from SINTEF and the University of Bergen showed how advanced mathematics can be used to develop fast and reliable simulators. Altogether these presentations on CO2 storage demonstrate a wide and well-defined approach to develop technology for how to safely store CO2.
The seminar ended with a visit to the SINTEF CO2 capture pilot at Tiller. This is a world class pilot for testing post combustion CO2 capture by solvents. The students were impressed and motivated by the possibilities that lies in a world class facility like the Tiller pilot.
The comprehensive education of young researchers is important to develop new technology. The results presented at the CLIMIT and BIG CCS PhD Seminar shows an incredible level of innovation, and this could very well lead to the next generation CCS technology we need to deploy CCS worldwide.
The presentations from the seminar.