The FENCO-NET is a grouping of European organizations having responsibilities relating to the funding of national R&D programs in the field of fossil energy. The FENCO-NET has agreed to publish a joint call on CO2 capture, transport and storage with the following topics:
1. Preventing unintended migration of CO2 from geological storage sites
2. CO2 onshore and offshore monitoring techniques
3. CO2 transport
4. New innovative CO2 capture technologies
UK, Greece, Poland and Norway have committed national funding for the joint call with approximately 300-600 kEuro each. It is expected that about 3-4 projects can be funded over a period of approximately 1.5 to 3 years period. Spain is currently checking out the possibilities for joining. The call will open for other FENCO-NET countries to join the projects at a later stage if national funding are confirmed. Applications to the joint call will require at least two partners from two member countries. The national financial contributions will be assigned to the project partners of that respective country only. Cross-border funding is not envisaged.
The call will be announced in the beginning of April with deadline for submission May 29th 12 am GMT. Information on how to submit proposals will be available on the FENCO web site from 10. April 2013.
FENCO-NET national contact persons are found here.
Details on the topics for Joint Actions within FENCO-NET
Topic 1. Preventing unintended migration of CO2 from geological storage sites
Scope: Geological storage of CO2 requires that the CO2 remains safely stored for thousands of years. New knowledge on how to avoid migration of CO2 out of the storage reservoir is required, and possible pathways for leakage should be studied. Applications should address the following challenges:
Estimation of leakage flux rates of anthropogenic and natural systems, including use of improved remote sensing.
Possible migration paths in faults, anticline structures should be studied.
Identification of measurement thresholds for natural and anthropogenic (leaked) CO2.
Quantification and modelling of potential subsurface and surface leakage impacts.
Different types of storage structures should be addressed, including depleted oil and gas reservoirs and aquifers. Application of the EC Directive on CCS and of EU-ETS Directive should be included in the study.
Expected impact: The project should result in recommendations for how to prevent unintended migration of CO2, including guidelines for characterisation of possible storage sites and required monitoring plan for the operational and post-operational phase.
Topic 2. CO2 onshore and offshore monitoring techniques
Scope: Improved or new monitoring methods and technologies are required to ensure safe transport and storage of CO2. Different methods will be necessary depending on the reservoir and environment (probe in the soil, vertical profiles, continuous monitoring systems, direct/indirect techniques). Monitoring technolo¬gies based on geochemical and environmental surveys needs be developed. Better understanding of possible effects of leakages on the nature is also required.
Expected impact: Improved understanding of the required monitoring frequency, resolution, methods and costs. Improved models for determination of anomalies based on biological input and numerical simulations.
Topic 3. CO2 transport
Scope: Safe CO2 transport in pipelines or ship over larger distances and through populated areas require improved understanding of likely CO2 transport leakage scenarios. This includes both material failure scenarios and models to predict regional analysis of source/sink and CO2 diffusion. It is also important to understand how impurities and water content influence corrosion during CO2 pipeline transport.
Expected impact: Better understanding of possible reasons for leakage scenarios and improved models for CO2 diffusion.
Topic 4. New innovative CO2 capture technologies
Scope: In order for CCS to be competitive in a sustainable future energy marked, focus is needed on new innovative CO2 capture solutions that can contribute to significant cost reduction. In this respect processes such as innovative sorbent based processes, membrane based processes, and Chemical looping (CLC) based processes for pre-combustion, post-combustion and oxyfuel CO2 capture technologies are possible candidates. The project could include
Overall evaluation of new innovative CO2 capture processes
Investigate and address cost, technology challenges such as energy efficiency, sorbent and membrane stability and efficiency
Investigate several metal oxides for use as O2 carriers for CLC processes. Issues such as solids handling and O2 carrier capacity, reactivity should be addressed.
Expected impact: Improved understanding of new innovative CO2 capture technologies and how they can improve the CO2 capture efficiency.