In 2009, CLIMIT's programme board and administration finalised a new programme plan, which was followed up with an action plan and a communication plan.
– An important part of our communication has been to involve the CO2 research community in Norway, says the head of the CLIMIT secretariat, Vice-President Technology Klaus Schöffel of Gassnova SF.
CLIMIT has held four workshops to discuss specific issues:
- An amine workshop was held in cooperation with the IEA. The workshop was attended by amine experts from many different countries.
- An industry workshop for companies that are eligible to receive funding for CO2 projects.
- A cost workshop, focusing on such issues as: What are the costs of capturing CO2? What assumptions are these estimates based on? Different assumptions lead to considerable variations of cost estimates.
- A geostorage workshop, held in cooperation with the Geo Research Centre in Potsdam. The parties are now working on a Memorandum of Understanding and the first project contacts have been established.
The main event in 2010 was "CLIMIT Days", which gathered all of the various groups involved in CLIMIT projects. The conference was successful and the CLIMIT Days will hereafter be held as an annual event.
Industrial emissions also included
This autumn, an important milestone was reached when the funding of projects related to CCS of other industrial emissions was approved. As a result, CLIMIT's mandate has been extended.
– This enables us to include more of the big players in the CLIMIT family. The development of technology for commercial utilisation requires industrial leadership, says Mr. Schöffel. – The fact that there are not very many players in the field of CCS in Norway is quite a challenge. SINTEF is by far the major recipient of CLIMIT support, followed by Statoil and Aker Clean Carbon. But then there is a large gap from these three down to the others. Therefore, it is very positive to be able to involve new, heavyweight industry players, he says.
Since 2008, CLIMIT has systematically focused on research to elucidate possible negative effects of amine-based CO2 capture.
– These efforts have so far given good results, which point in the right direction for amine-based CO2 capture. Not all knowledge gaps have been filled, but we have a thorough understanding of the mechanisms linked to the amine MEA, says Mr. Schöffel. He hopes that the remaining knowledge gaps will be filled in the course of 2011 or by early 2012 at the latest.
– The authorities have allocated funds to the study of possible effects of amine emissions. On the one hand, this has helped research environments in Norway to attain world-class standards in amine-related research; and on the other hand, public funding has led to scientific results that are filling the knowledge gaps, Mr. Schöffel underlines. Especially the ADA projects have contributed valuable information to the discussion on possible health effects of amines.
Visions for 2011
For many of the areas receiving project support from CLIMIT, 2011 is going to be an exciting year. Klaus Schöffel emphasises three of these areas:
- Filling the gaps in knowledge on amine emissions from amine-based carbon capture.
- Developing new capture technologies with a considerably lower level of costs.
- Establishing CO2 storage demonstration projects.
CLIMIT's work is based on the assumption that if a commercial market for CCS technology is to be established from 2020, Norway must demonstrate the technology in the years leading up to 2015. Otherwise, the technology will not become commercially mature by 2020.
At the same time, CLIMIT is supporting the development of the following generations of capture technologies.
– What we are seeing at the CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) is first-generation technology. Parallel to this, CLIMIT must have second-generation technology in its pilot portfolio and third-generation technology in its research portfolio. Developing such a portfolio will be an important task for CLIMIT in 2011, says Mr. Schöffel.